Animal Fodder/Cattle Feed

Peter Njeri  <img src="" alt="Trulli" width="25" height="25">
Peter Njeri Trulli

Master’s in Agriculture with IT – Maseno University

Did you know you can use waste products to make organic fertilizers and produce animal feeds? You heard me right! Yes, waste products can create animal feeds too. That sounds like a great deal! It is. Is the cost of providing your animals and poultry a challenge? Do you want a high-quality feed? Are you wondering where and how you can get cheap animal feed? Using waste products to make your feeds solves your problems. Like you, your livestock needs a balanced diet that contains all the required nutrients, minerals, fluids, and vitamins. Providing your animals with good nutrition ensures they grow, develop, reproduce and have strong immunity to fight diseases. Put together; the overall outcome is more profitable and sustainable agriculture
It doesn’t matter what you feed your animals, be it commercial feeds or farm products; what is important is that the ration meets the essential needs of each animal. The critical requirements in livestock vary from one stage to another. For example, a pig’s nutritional needs differ from those of cattle. Similarly, a lactating cow’s dietary needs differ from a calf’s. The cost of animal feeds the center of ensuring that your animals grow, develop, reproduce, and have strong immunity. The cost of animal feed and its supplements has proved to be a significant challenge. This is associated with the high cost of producing commercial feeds. Most farmers feed their livestock with proteins obtained from soya beans and fish meal, whose production increases pressure on the environment. In the last year, the cost of feeds has shot from sh.65 per kg to sh130; this is associated with the increase in fuel prices, which has consequently increased the price of maize and raw materials for manufacturing animal feeds. Feed’s protein costs account for 60 to 70 percent of the total production cost of raising animals; farmers have now been left with the option of making their animal feeds. This is, in fact, a good option.
Why do you need to produce your animal feeds? With the cost of commercial feeds rising, manufacturing your fodder is a better way to minimize cost and maximize production. This is made possible by the availability of raw materials. Food waste is the most significant contributor to municipal landfills; it generates gaseous substances, which are very potent greenhouse gases. Converting food waste to animal feeds is not only cost-effective but also ecofriendly. Similarly, such feeds are richer in proteins than adulterated feeds, which threaten dairy cattle and other animals.
Companies producing such feeds collect raw materials from hotels, restaurants, and schools. Such waste is converted into animal feed through the production of protein-rich larvae of the black soldier fly. The production begins with the breakdown of the waste into small particles, which can be fed to the flies. Upon processing, the waste is taken to a different place where the flies are introduced to lay eggs, and after hatching, the larvae feed for at least seven days. The larvae are moved to other trays, where they feed for two more weeks and are subsequently separated, dried, and packed as animal protein. In the process, organic fertilizers are produced from the larvae manure
The most significant advantage of producing your animal feeds is that the insects can transform the waste into high-quality protein for your livestock within a short time. Furthermore, such feeds are inexpensive and clean and offer a sustainable food source when the economy is struggling to remain afloat and the cost of living is so high. Additionally, using such feeds increases production, which means quality products. The sole dependence on soybeans and fish meal creates competition between the farmer and the livestock. This is because they are also human food. The use of larvae animal protein means that there are solely for animal consumption and the farmer no longer needs to debate between feeding himself and feeding the livestock.
At Alkebulan, instead of using insects to manufacture animal feeds, our feed is the residue produced in manufacturing briquettes. This residue is blended with Sugar Molasses and fortified with Immunity Booster medicines which now goes back to the farmers. The fodder is rich in nutrients for domesticated cattle.
How readily available are these feeds in the market? Many recycling companies have taken advantage of the new opportunities that innovation seeks to offer. Such feeds are thus readily available in the markets. Save for being readily available; the feeds are also very affordable. While a kilogram of fish meal costs Ksh.160, the animal protein is sold at Ksh. 100 per kilogram. What a great way to reduce the cost spent on buying adulterated feeds. Farmers will be able to save Ksh. 60 when formulating their animal feeds. Feeding livestock on the larvae proteins will enhance growth performance, carcass yield, meat, and dairy quality. Using the larvae as a naval protein source for your animals is an excellent substitute for costly fishmeal and soya bean meal.
How, then, can you make your animal feed? Companies such as our company that recycle waste products sell the same and provide training to farmers to make their animal feeds. What better way to encourage farmers and promote a sustainable future than training them to make their feeds; farmers become more motivated, and food industries are encouraged to supply food waste. The availability of raw materials should be an opportunity that every farmer should seek to exploit. Why do you need to compete with your livestock for soya beans and fish meals if you can quickly provide them with feeds that are strictly for them? Taking advantage of this opportunity will not only be cost-effective but also a move towards ensuring that your livestock has the best nutrients for their growth, development, and immunity. By producing your feeds, you ultimately participate in the common goal of maintaining a safer environment for yourself and your livestock. Who doesn’t want that? Not you.


Kithi, M. (2021, 8). How firm uses flies to turn waste into cheap animal feed. Retrieved from:

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